There were 229,700 more deaths between January and November 2020 than in the same period the previous year, an excess mortality rate of more than 13 percent, the country’s statistics agency said.
Apart from the pandemic, Experts say further causes are the migration of younger, well-educated people abroad and the low birth rate.
On Tuesday, statistics for 2020 showed deaths spiking in Poland to a level unseen since World War II and births sharply decline, trends attributed to the COVID-19 pandemic and described by some as a demographic crisis.
In 2019, some 30,000 people died in Poland each month on average. In November, when COVID-19 cases spiked, the country registered almost 60,400 deaths.
In the UK, a study published on January 14 suggested it could be the largest population decline since World War II, citing the pandemic.
Faced with bleak employment opportunities, expatriates have been leaving the UK in large numbers, according to the UK’s Economic Statistics Centre of Excellence (ESCoE). About 1.3 million people born abroad left the UK from July 2019 to September 2020, it said.